South Korea adopted DNA database legislation in 2010. The law requires the erasure of DNA identification information acquittal, exoneration, or dismissal of public prosecution and destruction of all biological samples once the relevant DNA profiles have been obtained.
The legislation sets up two databases. The DIMS (run by the National Forensic Service, NFS) has 3 indexes (arrestee index, crime scene index, and elimination index) and the KODNAD (run by the Supreme Prosecutors Office, SPO) includes the convicted offender index and a crime scene index. As of July 2011, about 26,000 offender profiles had been accumulated. By 2014, there were 77,245 convicted offender profiles In DIS there were a total 119,310 DNA profiles in 2014: 77,819 from crime scenes, 77, 567 from arrested persons and 3,941 for elimination (3,647 police plus 277 DNA staff). About 1,000-1,500 crime scene profiles are collected a month and about 500-1,000 arrestees.
According to Interpol, 23,683 missing person DNA profiles are held in South Korea in 2011.
South Korea has also maintained a DNA database of missing children since 2002.
- External links
- Park et al. (2014)THE PRESENT AND FUTURE OF THE KOREA FORENSIC DNA DATABASE. Presented at the World Forensic Fair, Seoul (abstract)
- THE STATUS AND MANAGEMENT FLOW OF KOREAN CONVICTED OFFENDER DNA DATABASE. Presented at the World Forensic Fair, Seoul (abstract)
- Jinbonet Joint statement: The authorities' conducts to take DNA samples from those Yongsan displaced persons and SSangyong workers and to establish and use a database containing said samples are constituted the serious violation of the constitutionally protected human rights (9th July 2013)
- Sim et al. (2013) High-throughput STR analysis for DNA database using direct PCR
- Choung et al.(2012) Introduction of the Korean DNA Identification in National Forensic Services
- Kim et al (2011) THE CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE CHALLENGES OF KOREAN CRIMINAL DNA DATABASE
- Global Legal Monitor: South Korea: DNA Database System Established to Effectively Prosecute Violent Criminals (31st August 2010)
- Privacy International Report: South Korea: Chapter: II. Surveillance policy
- Statutes of the Republic of Korea ACT ON USE AND PROTECTION OF DNA IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION Act No.9944,Jan.25,2010 Amended by Act No.10258,Apr.15,2010
- Jinbonet Statement: Government DNA Database Project Lacks Legal Guidelines: Human Rights Organizations Raise Concerns (20th April 2004)
- Press articles
- The Straits Times: South Korea adoptees turn to DNA tests to find birth kin (29th August 2016)
- The Straits Times: Lack of complete DNA database the biggest hurdle (29th August 2016)
- The Korea Times: DNA database last hope for separated families of Korean War (25th August 2016)
- The Korea Times: Mixed-race adoptees seek to reunite families through DNA bank (7th April 2016)
- Stars and Stripes: Korean Red Cross stepping up DNA testing for possible family reunions (8th July 2015)
- Stars and Stripes: South Korea builds DNA database to find relatives in North after unification (3rd October 2014)
- South Korean Prosecutors, Police to Share DNA Database (13th Sept 2012)
- South Korea’s DNA debate (23rd August 2011)
- The Hankyoreh: DNA collection to intimidate unions (7th April 2011)
Reports that prosecutors have been collecting DNA samples from workers convicted of engaging in strikes and other activities.
- Korea JongAng Daily: First use of DNA database pays dividends (28th August 2010)
- The Chosunilbo: DNA Database of Criminals to Be Assembled This Year (22nd July 2010)
Reports that the new DNA law allows the government to take samples of criminals sentenced for 11 serious crimes.
- Korea Herald: Police to keep DNA database of suspected criminals (21st July 2010)
- Korea Herald: Gov`t to create DNA database for convicted felons (30th March 2010)
Act on the Use and Protection of DNA Identification Information, Act No. 9944 of Jan. 25, 2010; Enforcement Decree of the Act on the Use and Protection of DNA Identification Information, Presidential Decree No. 22341 of Aug. 13, 2010.