Difference between revisions of "South Korea"

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== Resources ==
 
== Resources ==
 
* External links
 
* External links
 +
**[https://guidebook.com/guide/25839/poi/2259928/ Park et al. (2014)THE PRESENT AND FUTURE OF THE KOREA FORENSIC DNA DATABASE. Presented at the World Forensic Fair, Seoul (abstract)]
 +
**[https://guidebook.com/guide/25839/poi/2259926/ THE STATUS AND MANAGEMENT FLOW OF KOREAN CONVICTED OFFENDER DNA DATABASE. Presented at the World Forensic Fair, Seoul (abstract)]
 
**[http://act.jinbo.net/drupal/node/7631 Jinbonet Joint statement: The authorities' conducts to take DNA samples from those Yongsan displaced persons and SSangyong workers and to establish and use a database containing said samples are constituted the serious violation of the constitutionally protected human rights (9th July 2013)]
 
**[http://act.jinbo.net/drupal/node/7631 Jinbonet Joint statement: The authorities' conducts to take DNA samples from those Yongsan displaced persons and SSangyong workers and to establish and use a database containing said samples are constituted the serious violation of the constitutionally protected human rights (9th July 2013)]
 
**[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23683293 Sim et al. (2013) High-throughput STR analysis for DNA database using direct PCR]
 
**[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23683293 Sim et al. (2013) High-throughput STR analysis for DNA database using direct PCR]

Revision as of 06:38, 20 October 2014

South Korea adopted DNA database legislation in 2010. The law requires the erasure of DNA identification information acquittal, exoneration, or dismissal of public prosecution and destruction of all biological samples once the relevant DNA profiles have been obtained.

The legislation sets up two databases. The DIMS(run by the National Forensic Service, NFS) has 3 indexes (arrestee index, crime scene index, and elimination index) and the KODNAD (run by the Supreme Prosecutors Office, SPO) includes the convicted offender index and a crime scene index. As of July 2011, about 26,000 offender profiles had been accumulated. By 2014, there were 77,245 convicted offender profiles In DIS there were a total 119,310 DNA profiles in 2014: 77,819 from crime scenes, 77, 567 from arrested persons and 3,941 for elimination (3,647 police plus 277 DNA staff). About 1,000-1,500 crime scene profiles are collected a month and about 500-1,000 arrestees.

South Korea has also maintained a DNA database of missing children since 2002.

Resources

Detailed analysis

Act on the Use and Protection of DNA Identification Information, Act No. 9944 of Jan. 25, 2010; Enforcement Decree of the Act on the Use and Protection of DNA Identification Information, Presidential Decree No. 22341 of Aug. 13, 2010.