South Korea

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South Korea adopted DNA database legislation in 2010. The law requires the erasure of DNA identification information acquittal, exoneration, or dismissal of public prosecution and destruction of all biological samples once the relevant DNA profiles have been obtained.

The legislation sets up two databases. The DIMS (run by the National Forensic Service, NFS) has 3 indexes (arrestee index, crime scene index, and elimination index) and the KODNAD (run by the Supreme Prosecutors Office, SPO) includes the convicted offender index and a crime scene index. As of July 2011, about 26,000 offender profiles had been accumulated. By 2014, there were 77,245 convicted offender profiles In DIS there were a total 119,310 DNA profiles in 2014: 77,819 from crime scenes, 77, 567 from arrested persons and 3,941 for elimination (3,647 police plus 277 DNA staff). About 1,000-1,500 crime scene profiles are collected a month and about 500-1,000 arrestees.

According to Interpol, 23,683 missing person DNA profiles are held in South Korea in 2011.

South Korea has also maintained a DNA database of missing children since 2002.


Detailed analysis

Act on the Use and Protection of DNA Identification Information, Act No. 9944 of Jan. 25, 2010; Enforcement Decree of the Act on the Use and Protection of DNA Identification Information, Presidential Decree No. 22341 of Aug. 13, 2010.