Colombia

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Colombia's DNA database was introduced in 2008. According to Interpol it contained 1,573 reference DNA profiles from individuals, 2,131 crime scene DNA profiles, 769 missing persons' DNA profiles, plus 2,360 other DNA profiles in 2011.

There is no specific DNA database legislation, although the Code of Criminal Procedure 2004 provides for the collection of samples. According to Interpol, a DNA database legislation is planned.

Resources

  • Press articles

Detailed analysis

Code of Criminal Procedure[1] The provision directly providing for DNA analysis, Art. 245, is the subject of Decision C-025, 2009 of the Colombian Constitutional Court. Though the court upholds the majority of the provision, it restricts its application. Article, entitled DNA Tests Involving the Suspect or the Accused, provides in relevant part:

Cuando la policía judicial requiera la realización de exámenes de ADN, en virtud de la presencia de fluidos corporales, cabellos, vello púbico, semen, sangre u otro vestigio que permita determinar datos como la raza, el tipo de sangre y, en especial, la huella dactilar genética, se requerirá orden expresa del fiscal que dirige la investigación. Si se requiere cotejo de los exámenes de ADN con la información genética del indiciado o imputado, mediante el acceso a bancos de esperma y de sangre, muestras de laboratorios clínicos, consultorios médicos u odontológicos, entre otros, deberá adelantarse la revisión de legalidad, ante el juez de control de garantías, dentro de las treinta y seis (36) horas siguientes a la terminación del examen respectivo, con el fin de establecer su legalidad formal y material.


When the judicial police requires the accomplishment of DNA examinations, by virtue of the presence of corporal fluids, hair, pubic hair, semen, blood or another vestige that allows determining data like the race, the type of blood and, especially, the genetic digital track, will require express order of the public prosecutor who directs the investigation. If required tests comparing the DNA with the genetic information of the suspect or accused, through access to sperm banks and blood samples from clinical laboratories, medical and dental clinics, among others, must anticipate the review of legality, in the courts of security control within the thirty-six (36) hours after completion of the review concerned, in order to establish its formal and material legality.

The court held the “clause enforceable conditional statements . . . Magistrate Dr. Rodrigo Escobar Gil [writing for the court:] ‘. . . provided it is when the suspect is informed of the steps taken in the investigation stage prior to the formulation of imputation, is being investigated for involvement in the commission of an offense, the judge must authorize security control his participation and his attorney at the hearing later legality of such proceedings, if requested.’”




  1. Code of Criminal Procedure [Código de Procedimiento Penal], Diario Oficial No. 45.658 de 1 de septiembre de 2004, Arts. 14, 27, 245.