Bulgaria

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Bulgaria set up a DNA database in 1999. According to Interpol, a DNA database legislation had been adopted by 2011.

A 2008 Interpol survey reports that 940 crime scene DNA profiles and 16,100 individuals' profiles, plus 15 unknown/deceased DNA profiles were held in Bulgaria at the time of the survey.

Resources

  • Press articles


Detailed analysis

Instruction I-73/2000[1]

Ordinance on Police Records[2]

Law for the Ministry of the Interior[3]

Criminal Procedure Code[4]

Persons indicted for a premeditated indictable crime.[5][5]

As to personal data registered for purposes of national security or crime prevention, it must be erased if there is no more reason for maintaining them under the Act or pursuant to an act.[6][6] In determining whether to delete said personal data including DNA profiles, the Ministry of the Interior must consider the age of the individual, need of the information completion of an ongoing investigation or legal process, whether the individual has been convicted, amnesty status, implications of rehabilitation, or the expiration of a term provided by law.[7][7] As to personal data registered for crime prevention purposes only, it must be deleted upon written order of the Data Commissioner or upon a written request of the individual in question if it was registered unlawfully, the underlying criminal proceedings have been terminated, the individual in question is acquitted of all charges, the individual in question is exempt by reason of incapacity, the individual is deceased.[8][8]


  1. See Георги БАНКОВ, ДНК кар­то­те­ка­та на Бъл­га­рия [DNA-File of Bulgaria], 155 Обектив 21, 21 (May 2008); see also George Banikov, Bulgaria’s DNA Database, 158 Обектив 9-1, 9-1 (Oct. 2008) (Quarterly English-Danguage Digest Issue) (“Instruction I-73/2000 is indicated as the act regulating [Bulgaria’s DNA database]. The instruction is not a public document and its content remains unclear for the time being.”).
  2. Ordinance No. Iz-1187 of June 26, 2007 (promulgated pursuant to the Law for the Ministry of the Interior, Art. 21, § 11; repealing Ordinance No. I-221 of Oct. 13, 2003) (hereinafter “Ordinance No. Iz-1187”) regulates, inter alia, Bulgaria’s National DNA database (“Национална ДНК база данни”). The Ministry of the Interior’s Research Institute of Forensic Science and Criminology maintains the database. Id. at Arts. 24, 25 § 2(c). Article 3 provides “that persons indicted for a premeditated indictable crime are also subject to registration.” Banikov, Bulgaria’s DNA Database, 158 Обектив at 9-1.
  3. ЗАКОН ЗА МИНИСТЕРСТВОТО НА ВЪТРЕШНИТЕ РАБОТИ [Law for the Ministry of the Interior], Обн. ДВ. бр.17 от 24 Февруари 2006г. [Promulgated in the State Gazette, issue 17 of 24 February 2006], as amended (Bulg. 2006) (hereinafter “Bulgarian Law for the Ministry of the Interior”), Art. 21, § 11; Art. 59; Art. 62, Art. 135, § 4; Art. 159; Art. 160.
  4. НАКАЗАТЕЛНО-ПРОЦЕСУАЛЕН КОДЕКС [Criminal Procedure Code], Обн. ДВ. бр.86 от 28 Октомври 2005г. [Promulgated in the State Gazette, issue 86 of Oct. 2005], as amended (Bulg.) (hereinafter “Bulgarian CCP”), Art. 144, 144(2)(3); Art 146. Art. 144, entitled Cases in which expertise is appointed, provides in relevant part: (1) Where to clarify some facts of the case requires special knowledge through science, art or technology, the court or authority shall appoint an expert. (2) An expert is required when there is doubt as to: . . . 3. responsibility of the accused. Id. Art. 146, entitled Taking Samples for Comparative Studies, provides in relevant part: (1) Appointed experts may require the defendant to provide a biological sample for the purposes of a comparative study, if it is not possible to otherwise obtain the same. . . . (3) Persons referred to in para. 1 . . . are required to provide the required samples for comparative study, and if not, they may be forcibly seized with the permission of the court of first instance. (4) When the model for comparative research related to blood sample or other similar interventions to penetrate the human body, sampling is done by a person with medical qualifications under the supervision of a physician under the rules of medical practice and without endangering health of the person. Id.
  5. See Law for the Ministry of the Interior, at Art. 59(3)(3); Ordinance No. Iz-1187, at Art. 3
  6. Law for the Ministry of the Interior, Art. 159 § (5) (“Личните данни . . . се заличават, ако вече не съществува причина за тяхното запазване съгласно закона или в изпълнение на съдебен акт.”).
  7. Law for the Ministry of the Interior, Art. 159 § (6) (“При заличаването на личните данни се вземат предвид възрастта на физическото лице, естеството на обработваните лични данни, необходимостта от обработване до приключването на конкретното разследване или законова процедура, влизане в сила на присъда или съдебно решение, амнистия, реабилитация или изтичане срока на давност.”)
  8. Law for the Ministry of the Interior, Art. 160, §§ 2(1) to (5).