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Brazil has a DNA database for convicted sex offenders. New legislation to expand the database was adopted in May 2012.

According to the first annual report for the national DNA database (RIPBG), by November 2014, Brazil stored 1,524 DNA profiles from crime scenes, 53 from convicted persons, 26 from identified criminally and 1 from a judicial decision, making a total of 1,698 DNA profiles on the national databank. A year later, a total of 3,621 samples had been collected across the country (2,647 from crime scenes, 753 from convicted persons, 62 from identified criminals and 4 from a judicial decision).

At end November 2017, the criminal DNA database contained 8225 DNA profiles, of which 5925 came from crime scenes. A further 2544 DNA profiles related to missing persons.