Difference between revisions of "China"

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== Resources ==
 
== Resources ==
 
* External links
 
* External links
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**[https://www.financialexpress.com/opinion/tracking-dna-chinas-dna-database-could-have-chilling-future-consequences/2016589/: Tracking DNA: China’s DNA database could have chilling future consequences (July, 2020)]
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**[https://www.aspi.org.au/report/genomic-surveillance Australian Strategic Policy Institute: Genomic surveillance: Inside China's DNA Dragnet (June, 2020)]
 
**[https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/05/15/china-police-dna-database-threatens-privacy Human Rights Watch: China: Police DNA Database Threatens Privacy (15th May 2017)]
 
**[https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/05/15/china-police-dna-database-threatens-privacy Human Rights Watch: China: Police DNA Database Threatens Privacy (15th May 2017)]
 
**[http://www.xueshu.com/xsjs/201604/26016051.html Ge Baichuan et al. (2016)]
 
**[http://www.xueshu.com/xsjs/201604/26016051.html Ge Baichuan et al. (2016)]
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* Press articles
 
* Press articles
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**[https://www.news.com.au/world/asia/aspi-report-calls-for-chinese-government-to-cease-dna-collection-immediately/news-story/208dea8a66ae5ddcf67f2ea5aa1fafdb News.com.au: ASPI report calls for Chinese government to ‘cease’ DNA collection immediately (18th June 2020)]
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**[https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/17/world/asia/China-DNA-surveillance.html New York Times: China Is Collecting DNA From Tens of Millions of Men and Boys, Using U.S. Equipment (19th June 2020)]
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**[https://www.npr.org/2019/12/07/785804791/uighurs-and-genetic-surveillance-in-china?t=1576160521007 NPR: Uighurs And Genetic Surveillance In China (7th December 2019)]
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**[https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03775-y Nature: Science publishers review ethics of research on Chinese minority groups (6th December 2019)]
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**[https://bdnews24.com/science/2019/12/05/chinas-genetic-research-on-ethnic-minorities-sets-off-science-backlash BDNews: China’s genetic research on ethnic minorities sets off science backlash (5th December 2019)]
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**[https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/03/business/china-dna-uighurs-xinjiang.html?action=click&module=Top%20Stories&pgtype=Homepage New York Times: China Uses DNA to Map Faces, With Help From the West (3rd December 2019)]
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**[https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/report-us-company-to-stop-sales-of-genetic-tech-in-xinjiang/2019/02/21/a91abb52-359f-11e9-8375-e3dcf6b68558_story.html?utm_term=.351cb362e6f7 Report: US company to stop sales of genetic tech in Xinjiang (21st February 2019)]
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**[http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1094161.shtml Global Times: Yunnan organizations to build ethnic minority DNA database (19th March 2018)]
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**[http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/2136782/would-you-give-government-your-dna-may-be-step-too-far-quest South China Morning Post: Would you give the government your DNA? That may be a step too far in the quest for a hi-tech future (12th March 2018)]
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**[https://www.engadget.com/2018/02/22/china-xinjiang-surveillance-tech-spread/ Engadget: China's Xinjiang surveillance is the dystopian future nobody wants (22nd February 2018)]
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**[https://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/china-dna-02092018164148.html Radio Free Asia: Senator Questions US Firm on DNA Sequencer Sales to China (9th February 2018)]
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**[https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/03/opinion/sunday/china-surveillance-state-uighurs.html New York Times: What It’s Like to Live in a Surveillance State (3rd February 2018)]
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**[http://www.nature.com/news/china-expands-dna-data-grab-in-troubled-western-region-1.22033 China expands DNA data grab in troubled western region (24th May 2017)]
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**[https://en.qantara.de/content/china-moves-to-expand-dna-testing-in-muslim-region Qantera: China moves to expand DNA testing in Muslim region (17th May 2017)]
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**[http://www.thestandard.com.hk/section-news.php?id=182926 Hong Kong Standard: Xinjiang clampdown widens to collection of DNA samples (17th May 2017)]
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**[http://malaysiandigest.com/world/675600-privacy-concerns-as-china-expands-dna-database.html Malaysian Digest: Privacy Concerns As China Expands DNA Database (17th May 2017)]
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**[http://www.arabnews.com/node/1100751/world Arab News: China moves to expand DNA testing in Muslim region (17th May 2017)]
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**[http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/china-expands-dna-testing-xinjiang-muslims-security-crackdown-human-rights-watch-a7739791.html The Independent: China sparks human rights outcry by ramping up DNA testing in Muslim-dominated region (17th May 2017)]
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**[https://mic.com/articles/177267/china-is-preparing-to-mass-collect-dna-samples-from-muslims#.nLVjrS8Jr Mic: China is preparing to mass collect DNA samples from Muslims (16th May 2017)]
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**[https://www.ifex.org/china/2017/05/16/police-dna-database/ IFEX: China: Police DNA database threatens privacy (16th May 2017)]
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**[http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2017/05/china-expected-expand-dna-collection-xinjiang/ China Digital Times: China Expected to Expand DNA Collection in Xinjiang (16th May 2017)]
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**[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-39945220 BBC: Privacy concerns as China expands DNA database (17th May 2017)]
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**[http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/shaoshuminzu/nu-05162017104706.html RFA: 中国拟在新疆穆斯林地区扩大DNA 样本采集 (16th May 2017)]
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**[https://www.voanews.com/a/china-moves-to-expand-dna-testing-in-muslim-region/3853040.html Voice of America: China Moves to Expand DNA Testing in Muslim Region (16th May 2017)]
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**[http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201705160045.html Asahi Shimbun: Rights group: China moves to amass DNA in Muslim region (16th May 2017)]
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**[http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/china-set-to-expand-dna-testing-in-muslim-region/article18468479.ece The Hindu: China set to expand DNA testing in Muslim region (16th May 2017)]
 
**[http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/rights-group-china-moves-amass-dna-muslim-region-47432841 ABC: China moves to expand DNA testing in Muslim region (16th May 2017)]
 
**[http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/rights-group-china-moves-amass-dna-muslim-region-47432841 ABC: China moves to expand DNA testing in Muslim region (16th May 2017)]
 
**[http://www.foxnews.com/world/2017/05/16/rights-group-china-moves-to-amass-dna-in-muslim-region.html Fox News: China moves to expand DNA testing in Muslim region (16th May 2017)]
 
**[http://www.foxnews.com/world/2017/05/16/rights-group-china-moves-to-amass-dna-in-muslim-region.html Fox News: China moves to expand DNA testing in Muslim region (16th May 2017)]
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**[http://www.haaretz.com/world-news/asia-and-australia/1.789542 Haaretz: China Reportedly Creating Extensive DNA Database in Muslim Region (16th May 2017)]
 
**[http://www.haaretz.com/world-news/asia-and-australia/1.789542 Haaretz: China Reportedly Creating Extensive DNA Database in Muslim Region (16th May 2017)]
 
**[http://www.newsweek.com/china-muslim-dna-testing-uighurs-610065 Newsweek: China Subjects Muslims to Mass DNA Collection, ‘Moving Orwellian System to Genetic Level’ (16th May 2017)]
 
**[http://www.newsweek.com/china-muslim-dna-testing-uighurs-610065 Newsweek: China Subjects Muslims to Mass DNA Collection, ‘Moving Orwellian System to Genetic Level’ (16th May 2017)]
**[http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/ap/article-4510124/Rights-group-China-moves-amass-DNA-Muslim-region.html Associated Press: China moves to expand DNA testing in Muslim region (16th May 2017)]
+
**[http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/ap/article-4510124/Rights-group-China-moves-amass-DNA-Muslim-region.html Associated Press/Daily Mail: China moves to expand DNA testing in Muslim region (16th May 2017)]
 
**[http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1019261.shtml Global Times: Adults abandoned as babies and sent across China search for lost families (21st November 2016)]
 
**[http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1019261.shtml Global Times: Adults abandoned as babies and sent across China search for lost families (21st November 2016)]
 
**[http://macaudailytimes.com.mo/briefs-tourist-police-officers-will-patrol-streets.html Macau Daily Times: Briefs | More Tourist Officers Will Patrol Streets (15th March 2017)]
 
**[http://macaudailytimes.com.mo/briefs-tourist-police-officers-will-patrol-streets.html Macau Daily Times: Briefs | More Tourist Officers Will Patrol Streets (15th March 2017)]

Latest revision as of 09:57, 14 July 2020

China set up a DNA database in 2004. DNA samples are collected by regional police forces and it is unclear to what extent DNA profiles are shared nationally. A DNA database has been set up to track missing and abducted children.

Within China, Hong Kong has had a separate database since 2001, using the US CODIS profiling system.

The 2008 Interpol survey reports that 126,000 crime scene DNA profiles and 1,065,000 individuals' profiles, plus 9600 unknown/deceased DNA profiles were held in China at the time of the survey (Total: 1,200,600 DNA profiles). Hong Kong had 4,161 crime scene DNA profiles and 16,235 individuals' profiles. According to Interpol, China's DNA database grew to 461,513 crime scene DNA profiles, 7,701,745 reference DNA profiles from individuals, 22,718 missing persons' DNA profiles, 65,115 unidentified human remains DNA profiles and 279,999 other DNA profiles in 2011 (Total: 8,531,099 DNA profiles).

Reportedly, China's DNA database contained 20 million DNA profiles by May 2013, and 40 million by 2016, making it the largest in the world.

Resources